Periodontology (Gum Diseases)

With periodontology (Gum Diseases), you can easily treat the problems in the gums and restore your gums to their former health.

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With periodontology, gum diseases are diagnosed and treated.

Your gums;
If it looks like an orange peel and a light pink color,
If you have a gingival border that surrounds your teeth starting from the beginning parts of the roots and continues along the tooth lines,
If you do not have any complaints of redness, swelling or infection,
If bleeding does not occur with normal brushing and use of ropes,
If there is no pain after brushing the gums,
If you have strong gums that keep your teeth tight,
There is no problem with your gums.

If your teeth bleed spontaneously or while brushing,
If there is redness, swelling and an irregular appearance in the gums,
If you have detected recession and exposed root surfaces in the gums,
If you feel pain in your gums from time to time, mild pain when pressed against the meat, inflammation leaking from the gums or sensitivity in the tooth in that area
If you see black areas caused by tartar on the edges of the gums,
If you notice the loose teeth, elongation and openings between the teeth,
If you smell or smell bad in the mouth due to inflammation,
If you feel itching and tingling sensation in your gums,
Your gums are unhealthy.

The main cause of gum disease is the sticky transparent layer called bacterial plaque that surrounds the tooth surfaces. When you scrape the surface of your tooth, you can notice the plaque. One milligram of bacterial plaques contain about 500 million bacteria. However, bacterial plaque is not the only cause of gum disease.

SMOKING Cigarettes, which invite many important diseases such as cancer, lung and heart diseases, are also an important danger for our teeth. When examined in terms of gums, smoking causes softening of the gums and the development of gum diseases by damaging the oral mucosa.


DRUG USE Birth control pills, anti-depressants, heart medications are among the drugs that have significant effects on your oral health. People who use these drugs should have frequent physician control about oral and dental health.

HORMONAL CHANGES Your gums become more sensitive during periods of intense hormonal changes such as pregnancy, puberty, menopause, and menstruation. During such hormonal change periods, the gums should be kept more hygienic.

Stress Stress, which has become one of the incurable diseases of the age with growing cities and a difficult lifestyle, also has a negative impact on oral and dental health. Avoiding the stress that causes the body to become easily infected will be a positive approach not only for your teeth but also for your body.

GENETIC FACTORS A dental problem coding in the genes of the family can be passed down genetically. In this case, if the person neglects even the slightest oral and dental care, there will be an infection. Therefore, if there are family members who have had dental problems before, it would be better to go to the dentist more often.

TIGHTENING TOOTH – GRINDING TOOTH They cause the bonding forces between teeth and gums to weaken, causing damage to the periodontal tissue. One of the reasons for gingival recession is clenching. This tightening must be stopped by attaching a night plate.

DIABETES – DIABETES DIABETES are in the high risk group for periodontal (gum) infection. They must definitely have their routine gum checks done by a gum specialist (periodontologist). In addition, they should be more sensitive to oral hygiene than other people.

UNBALANCED NUTRITION Apart from the health of teeth and gums, an important factor for every organ of our body is nutrition. Our body, which is weakened as a result of unbalanced or improper nutrition, can also cause damage to the gums.

BAD MADE CROWN BRIDGES AND FILLINGS Fillings, crowns and bridges overflowing on the gums cause problems in the gums.

At the beginning of the treatment process of gum disease, it is necessary to measure the depth of the pocket between the tooth and the gum. Diagnosis is made after the measurement process, taking into account the depth and amount of the pocket. Since deep pockets will accelerate the progression of gum disease, the purpose of the treatment to be performed is to make deep pockets as shallow as possible. It is not possible to completely remove the microorganisms that have settled in deep pockets by brushing or using dental floss.

The treatment to be applied according to the level of gum disease is carried out in the following plan;

INCREASING DENTAL STONE CLEANING: While general cleaning and controls are done every six months for your oral and dental health, people with periodontal disease or prone to it should be cleaned in shorter periods in accordance with the instructions of the physician. The microorganisms in the plaque that settle in the pockets multiply in a period of three to four months and reach numbers that can damage the bone. Frequent tartar cleaning prevents this accumulation and prevents damage to the bone.

STRAIGHTENING THE ROOT SURFACE: Straightening the root surface, popularly known as curettage, is the process of scraping the attachments attached to the root surface with the help of special curettes, removing them from the surface and revealing the healthy root surface and allowing the gum to adhere to the root surface again.

GINGIVECTOMY AND GINGIVOPLASTY It has been observed that gingival enlargement occurs due to medication or hereditary. If these gingival growths are not accompanied by bone resorption or if there are no effects at the depth that requires bone formation, we can remove the gum growths by cutting the soft tissue wall between the tooth and the gum. This procedure is called a gingivectomy. After this procedure, the gingivoplasty procedure is usually applied to restore the normal physiognomia by surgically correcting the gum.

Gums are an inevitable element for a healthy smile. No matter how healthy your teeth are, if you do not have a proper gingival surrounding, it is difficult to give that impressive smile to your surroundings.

Unhealthy gums: Before applying aesthetics to your gums, it is important that your gums are healthy. If the gums are red, swollen and shiny due to periodontal disease, the gingival treatment process is applied first.
Healthy Smile: In cases where the gums appear excessively when they smile, a more pleasant smile can be obtained by removing the excess gums with a small operation, whether or not any aesthetic dentistry procedure will be performed.
Gingival recession: Some teeth may appear too long as a result of gingival recession. Root surfaces are exposed in these teeth. In such cases, gingival treatment should be performed first and these openings should be closed with soft tissue grafts.
Irregular gingival borders: The gums that frame the teeth may be too high or too low in some teeth due to reasons such as gingival recession, eruption disorder and tooth loss. Gingival shapes should be ideal before the aesthetic application.

What is gingivitis?

Periodontal diseases begin with gingivitis. Only gums are affected in gingivitis. During this period, the gums were bleeding, red and enlarged in volume. It may not cause much discomfort in the early period. When gingivitis is treated, the inflammation in the gums disappears and healing is observed. If left untreated, the disease may progress to periodontitis, causing irreversible damage to the gums and alveolar bone that support teeth.
Bleeding while brushing teeth is one of the first signs of gingivitis and must be evaluated by the dentist. In some cases, bleeding may occur in the gums due to improper brushing.

What is periodontitis?

Periodontitis is a more advanced stage of periodontal diseases. Along with the gums, other tissues that support the teeth are also damaged. A “periodontal pocket” is formed between the teeth and gums. The presence of a periodontal pocket facilitates the localization of the infection and the progression of the disease. As the disease progresses, the teeth begin to shake and may even be extracted.

What are the causes of gum disease?

Although the main cause of periodontal diseases is bacterial plaque, other factors such as smoking, systemic diseases, drugs, stress and nutrition can also affect gum health. At the same time, care should be taken and the dentist should be informed about the issue in order that diseases or conditions that affect the general body system do not cause any complications during dental treatments.

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