Orthodontics is a branch of science that deals with the correction of perplexed teeth and elimination of incompatibilities in the teeth, jaw and face.
Straighten your perplexed teeth with Orthodontics (Braces).
Orthodontists ensure that your jawbone and teeth are placed in the right place and in the right position. With the correction of the crooked teeth, an important aesthetic beauty is provided, and many contributions are made to oral and dental health. By removing the crowding, these areas are cleaned more easily and effectively, thus preventing decay and gum diseases.
In addition, the bite of the teeth and jaws with each other will improve, resulting in a healthier chewing function. When your child is approximately 7 years old, it should be determined by an orthodontist if he / she needs such a treatment.
FIXED ORTHODONTIC APPARATUS:
It is a form of treatment with braces attached to the tooth. Brackets can be made of metal or porcelain. Porcelain brackets do not cause any aesthetically discomfort, especially because they are tooth-colored.
MOVABLE ORTHODONTIC APPARATUS:
They are appliances that the patient can put on and take off himself. They are applied in simpler cases.
It is an orthodontic field that aims to correct the deteriorating relations of the lower and upper jaws with special appliances attached to the face at a young age. Orthopedic treatment and orthodontic treatment are often carried out together.
Orthognathic surgery is applied in cases that cannot be corrected by orthodontic or orthopedic treatment. Jaw and facial disorders can occur congenitally or later due to accidents and diseases. The mismatch of the jaws to each other and to the face causes both aesthetic and functional discomfort in patients.
HOW DO TEETH MOVE DURING ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT?
A force is applied on the tooth with braces and wires. Thus, a movement occurs in the direction of the force. There is a temporary destruction in the bone tissue in front of the moving tooth, and new bone tissue is made in the opposite direction of the movement.
Thus, the teeth that take their new places sit in a new bone socket.
CAUSES OF ORTHODONTIC PROBLEMS:
Nutritional Disorders: In people who cannot be fed adequately, volumetric shrinkage will occur in the jaw and facial structure, and since normal teeth will not find the necessary place in small jaws, crowding, rotations (rotation), and even burial will be observed.
Oral Breathing: If chronic inflammations and similar causes continue for a long time, the tonsils may grow excessively. In this case, the respiratory tract narrows and breathing difficulties occur. In order to overcome this difficulty and to expand the air passage in that area, the child has to take the lower jaw and therefore the tongue forward.
If this situation continues for a long time, the forward position of the lower jaw will settle. If the tongue enters between the front teeth and prevents the teeth from growing, an open bite occurs. If the patient cannot breathe through the nose, a negative effect may occur on the growth potential of the upper jaw.
Finger Sucking: There is a highly developed sucking mechanism in a newborn baby. A baby whose sucking instinct is not satisfied will adopt some habits to satisfy this need. This habit is mostly not seen in children who are fed with breast milk for 9-18 months.
Studies have shown that finger sucking develops in the first few weeks of life due to hunger.
Since the pain arising from local irritations in the period when the teeth start to erupt can be relieved by finger sucking, this habit can be thought to help teething. Finger sucking decreases with age.
Causes of finger sucking:
Sudden cut off from the mother’s breast or bottle,
To stop nursing in a very short time while the baby is feeding,
Changing the baby’s feeding for long intervals.
There is no exact age for the treatment of thumb sucking, a separate programming should be considered for each child. The degree of habit affects the child’s past time adjustment. Generally, if finger sucking continues after the age of 3.5, treatment should be started.
In the child who maintains this habit, displacements and bite irregularities will be seen in the lower and upper teeth in the area of influence, depending on the finger sucked and its number.
False Pacifier: It is not harmful to suck a pacifier with physiological features until the age of 1.5. It is even beneficial in terms of preventing the child from adopting a bad habit such as finger sucking. When used continuously, false pacifiers cause irregularity and various closing disorders in those areas as they will have long-term abnormal effects on the tissues in their area of influence.
Bad habits such as clenching teeth, nail biting, pencil biting, lip biting.
Premature loss of milk teeth.
Irregularities due to tooth loss.
Irregularities due to the compression of the front teeth of the wisdom teeth.
Hormonal disorders, systemic diseases.
ORTHODONTICS IN ADULTS
There is no age limit for orthodontic treatment. Orthodontic treatment can be applied to anyone whose bones surrounding the teeth are healthy.
In addition, now brackets are made of tooth-colored porcelain. Thus, no one can easily notice your braces. The treatment lasts between 3 months and 30 months, depending on the patient’s problem and age.
It is more difficult to maintain oral hygiene with perplexed teeth, so gum ailments and decays occur more easily.
When the crowding and joint relation is broken, chewing cannot be done completely, and some problems start in the digestive system.
In cases where the upper and lower teeth are not fully compatible with each other, excessive load on the jaw joint or a single tooth may cause painful and difficult problems to treat.
Aesthetically, incredible changes can be created, especially in some cases.
Orthodontic braces are one of the best options to organize your smile and regain your health.
WHAT YOU SHOULD CONSIDER DURING YOUR ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT
Brackets cause food and bacteria plaque to collect easily. Therefore, oral care is of great importance.
It is necessary to use a medium soft brush. It is also helpful to use special orthodontic brushes.
Using superfloss dental floss is of great importance in terms of ensuring complete hygiene.
Another auxiliary material that will help you to maintain your oral hygiene is the interdental brush.
Also, mouthwashes can be used alongside brushes and flosses, but remember that they can never serve as brushes and floss.
Hard foods such as apples and carrots should be cut with a knife and eaten. Otherwise, they may cause the brackets to break.
In particular, shelled and hard cookies may cause the brackets to break, so their consumption should be avoided.
Sticky foods such as caramel can stick to the braces and cause both rotting and breaking of the braces. During this period, your routine checks are of great importance for your gum health.
Generally, orthodontic problems occur in the following situations.
Genetic disorders in the jaw structure,
The tongue is bigger than necessary,
Teeth are much larger than jaws,
Using bottles and pacifiers for a long time during the jaw development period,
Early milk tooth loss,
Continuous finger sucking habit in children,
Habits such as nail biting in children and adults,
The presence of cavities caused by extracted teeth.
There is no age limit for orthodontic treatments. However, in some cases, such as skeletal problems related to the lower and upper jaw, orthodontic treatment alone will not be sufficient. In problems with jaw structure, if the patient is in adolescence, the solution of this orthodontic problem is possible with orthodontic treatment. However, if the patient is an adult, both orthodontic treatment and maxillofacial surgery are required for such problems in the skeleton.
Yes, orthodontic treatment is recommended in cases where there is no aesthetic concern. Orthodontic treatment should be applied in order to prevent dental and gum diseases that may be encountered in the future, to prevent problems that may occur in the jaw joints and to maintain the functionality of the chewing system in a healthy way.
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